Red, yellow and green colored flowers occurs in panicles about 3000 in number. I do believe they are of the evergreen type. Choose a variety that is best suited for your zone. The scientific name of mango is Mangifera indica. The tap-roots are basically only have one root, deep digging, and a very thick kind of root. “Mango-based cropping systems, which are an ancient […] The mango tree is considered indigenous to southern Asia, especially Myanmar and Assam state of India, and numerous cultivars have been developed. See Citrus Trees, List of Vernacular Names for an example.. Mango leaves contain a milky sap, as does the rest of the tree, including the trunk, roots, branches and the skin of unripe fruit. Depending on the cultivar, mango fruit varies in size, shape, sweetness, skin color, and flesh color which may be pale yellow, gold, or orange. Apart from this, the Palmer, Amrapali, Glenn, and King Thai are also good. The Mango (Mangifera) genus of trees is part of the sumac plant family (Anacardiaceae), known for its other toxic genus groups, such as Poison Sumac (Rhus), and the Poison Ivy, Poison Oak genus (Toxicodendron). The leaves of the tree are are shiny and dark green. Kent Mango. Mango Tree Rapoza or Raposa Hawaiian Variety Dwarf Tree Grafted in a 3 Gallon Container. Hamdun, and Noel Quinton. 3 Replies.  When mangoes were first imported to the American colonies in the 17th century, they had to be pickled because of lack of refrigeration. Mango tree flowers are fragrant, pentameric, greenish-white or pinkish, very small (3-5 mm long x 1-1.5 mm broad) and densely borne on 30 cm long, pyramidal panicles (Litz, 2009; Orwa et al., 2009). Most of these species are found in nature as wild mangoes. The generic name is derived …  This triad of fruits is referred to as ma-pala-vazhai. Mangoes were in control in India and by 400 B.C. Lifestyle India", "How China came to worship the mango during the Cultural Revolution", Pine Island Nursery's Mango Variety viewer, List of top international rankings by country, Maka-Diyos, Maka-tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa, Martyrs and Heroes during the Martial Law Period, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mango&oldid=996538017, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 05:13. Aamras is a popular thick juice made of mangoes with sugar or milk, and is consumed with chapatis or pooris. I do believe they are of the evergreen type. Mangoes are often prepared charred in Hawaii. The mango is inextricably connected with the folklore and religious ceremonies of India. Mango tree is evergreen and erect growing up to 20-45mt in height with oval, upright, dome shaped crown and stout trunk. Characterization of green aroma of raw mango (. Scientific name: Mangifera Indica: Origin: Mangoes are thought to have originated in India. 122 views These bars are similar to dried guava fruit bars available in some countries. Ripe mangoes are also used to make curries. The flowers are used for diarrhea. Narain N, Bora PS, Narain R and Shaw PE (1998). Mango does have its scientific name Mangifera indica. They are evergreen and generally produced off rootstocks that increase the hardiness of the plants. The mango does not require any particular soil, but the finer varieties yield good crops only where there is a well-marked dry season to stimulate fruit production.  Cultivation came later to Brazil, Bermuda, the West Indies, and Mexico, where an appropriate climate allows its growth. King. The tree also has simple alternate lanceolate leaves that range between 12-15 inches in length. …seeds (commonly called “nuts”), and mango (. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Árbol de mango. Dried strips of sweet, ripe mango (sometimes combined with seedless tamarind to form mangorind) are also popular. Its form is oval, round, heart-shaped, kidney-shaped, or long and slender. History. Along with the scientific name and classification of Mango Tree, know about other Mango Tree Facts. Kulkarni RS, Chidley HG, Pujari KH, Giri AP and Gupta VS, 2012, Flavor of mango: A pleasant but complex blend of compounds, In, Gholap, A. S., Bandyopadhyay, C., 1977. The leaves, 12.5-25 cm.  China and Thailand were the next largest producers (table).  Mango peel pigments under study include carotenoids, such as the provitamin A compound, beta-carotene, lutein and alpha-carotene, and polyphenols, such as quercetin, kaempferol, gallic acid, caffeic acid, catechins and tannins. they spread to the Eastern side of Asia. Buddha himself was presented with a mango grove that he might find repose in its grateful shade. Scientific Name: Mangifera indica L. The Mango (Mangifera indica L.), is the most economically important fruit crop in the Anacardiaceae (Cashew or poison ivy family). The mango tree is planted in great numbers for the trade of its fruits. , The ripe fruit varies according to cultivar in size, shape, color, sweetness, and eating quality. In deep soil, the taproot descends to a depth of 6 m (20 ft), with profuse, wide-spreading feeder roots and anchor roots penetrating deeply into the soil. Mango wood is the wood derived from the Mango tree (scientific name Mangifera Indica for its origin in India), found in tropical countries of Southeast Asia, Australia and the South Pacific Islands. = one registered tree = two registered trees = more than two registered trees = photo available = top of tree lost/damaged by lighting = not yet confirmed that tree really exists = … 1–77.  In India, harvest and sale of mangoes is during March–May and this is annually covered by news agencies.. Worldwide, there are several hundred cultivars of mango. Unlike its bigger cousin, the dwarf mango tree may only grow to be 2-4 meters tall; you can handily conserve one in a container. Other important members of this family include cashew, pistachio, and the mombins (Spondias spp.). Mango tree is indigenous to India. In other parts of Southeast Asia, mangoes are pickled with fish sauce and rice vinegar. 3101 Maguire Blvd, Suite 111, Orlando, FL 32803 firstname.lastname@example.org 407-629-7318 Mango lassi is popular throughout South Asia, prepared by mixing ripe mangoes or mango pulp with buttermilk and sugar. Dwarf or semidwarf varieties serve as ornamental plants and can be grown in containers. For other uses, see. The common mango TREE is has a "scientific name" of Mangifera indica.The leaves are called "leaves." Mangoes have recalcitrant seeds which do not survive freezing and drying. In his edicts, the Mauryan emperor Ashoka references the planting of fruit- and shade-bearing trees along imperial roads: "On the roads banyan-trees were caused to be planted by me, (in order that) they might afford shade to cattle and men, (and) mango-groves were caused to be planted. Family • Anacardiaceae Manga Mangifera indica Linn. It is a fleshy stone fruit belonging to the genus Mangifera, consisting of numerous tropical fruiting trees in the flowering plant family Anacardiaceae. Granadilla? Mango, Mangifera indica, is an evergreen tree in the family Anacardiaceae grown for its edible fruit. They are indigenous to eastern Asia, Myanmar (Burma), and India. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Mangifera indica L. ORIGIN: South and Southeast Asia.  Scientific Name: Mangifera indica. For example, Indian cultivars such as 'Julie', a prolific cultivar in Jamaica, require annual fungicide treatments to escape the lethal fungal disease anthracnose in Florida. HOME • SEARCH • EMAIL • ABOUT. horse mango, The simple leaves are lanceolate, up to 30 cm (12 inches) long. Mangifera indica, commonly known as mango, is a species of flowering plant in the sumac and poison ivy family Anacardiaceae.It is native to the Indian subcontinent where it is indigenous. They're usually chosen to describe the organism. , The skin of unripe, pickled, or cooked mango can be eaten, but it has the potential to cause contact dermatitis of the lips, gingiva, or tongue in susceptible people. They have moderately high water needs, but once established they are moderately drought tolerant. In 2018, global production of mangoes (report includes mangosteens and guavas) was 55.4 million tonnes, led by India with 39% (22 million tonnes) of the world total (see table). 1 decade ago. Anonymous.  Mango leaves also have significant polyphenol content, including xanthonoids, mangiferin and gallic acid. DHAKA, Bangladesh (4 April, 2012)_Just planting a few mango trees in and around different food crops is proving to be an extremely effective agricultural system – improving food security, livelihoods, local land ownership, poverty alleviation and other developmental needs in the Padma floodplain of Bangladesh, shows new research. The mango tree was first discovered in the Indo-Burma region that extends from eastern India and southern China across Southeast Asia. - Mangoes belong to the genus Mangifera which consists of about 30 species of tropical fruiting trees. Various products have been developed from the juice of Sun Eggs, including drinks, Jell-O, jam, pies and caramel. , Phytochemical and nutrient content appears to vary across mango cultivars. A summer drink called aam panna comes from mangoes. Sometimes in English and other languages, there is more than one common name for a species. Just to add on to what Ashley L said: Scientific binomial names are in Latin. And there are plenty of more specific varieties that you can try out – though the Nam Doc Mai and the Irwin trees are the best in containers. The smallest mangoes are no larger than plums, while others may weigh 1.8 to 2.3 kg (4 to 5 pounds). The fruit is a large fleshy drupe of very variable size, shape, colour and taste, with a woody endocarp (the pit), a resinous edible mesocarp and a thick exocarp, the peel.  Sensitized individuals may not be able to safely eat peeled mangos or drink mango juice. Mango fruits are known for their juicy pulp and texture. , Mangoes have been cultivated in South Asia for thousands of years and reached Southeast Asia between the fifth and fourth centuries BCE. Mangoes are succulent, aromatic fruits of the evergreen tree Mangifera indica, belonging to the Anacardiaceae family. Lv 5. Ask Question + 100. Other important members of this family include cashew, pistachio, and the mombins (Spondias spp. long are simple, green and stiff when fully grown. , The pigment euxanthin, known as Indian yellow, is often thought to be produced from the urine of cattle fed mango leaves; the practice is described as having been outlawed in 1908 because of malnutrition of the cattle and possible urushiol poisoning. The classical Sanskrit poet Kālidāsa sang the praises of mangoes. MEDIUM. Mango leaves are used to decorate archways and doors in Indian houses and during weddings and celebrations such as Ganesh Chaturthi.  Mango contains a unique xanthonoid called mangiferin. Other Tree Names. Its root system is well adapted to a coastal Mediterranean climate. Its local name in Diola is Nimangara . Mango seeds are solitary, large and flat, ovoid oblong, and surrounded by the fibrous endocarp at maturity. more_vert. Tree: Native Status: HI I L48 I PB I PR I VI I: Characteristics: Plant ... Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Temperatures below zero Celsius will kill a mango tree.  Many of the 1,000+ mango cultivars are easily cultivated using grafted saplings, ranging from the "turpentine mango" (named for its strong taste of turpentine) to the Bullock's Heart. For example, an orange tree grows orange fruit, right?  Mangoes are also grown in Andalusia, Spain (mainly in Málaga province), as its coastal subtropical climate is one of the few places in mainland Europe that permits the growth of tropical plants and fruit trees. Mampalam (Sul.) Omissions? Mangifera indica commonly known as Mango Tree.This is full sun tree and very famous fruit trees in the world. Its local name in Diola is Nimangara. The scientific name of Mango Tree is the botanical name or formal name. The leaves are used in treatment of diabetes, for chronic diseases of the lungs, for asthma and colds. Mangoes are widely used in cuisine. Many desired cultivars are monoembryonic and must be propagated by grafting or they do not breed true. The mango tree is considered indigenous to southern Asia, especially Myanmar and Assam state of India, and numerous cultivars have been developed. They are sensitive to frost. However, these trees reach their maturity in 15-20 years and their fruit bearing capacity reduces greatly. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Have you ever eaten Lolla Rossa? Scientific Name: Mangifera indica L. The Mango (Mangifera indica L.), is the most economically important fruit crop in the Anacardiaceae (Cashew or poison ivy family). Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Rarebit?  Although the Tommy Atkins cultivar is commercially successful, other cultivars may be preferred by consumers for eating pleasure, such as Alphonso. Health benefits of mango tree. Mango, In: Tropical and Subtropical Fruits, Edt. Common Name(s): Mango, Hawaiian Mango.  The flowers are produced in terminal panicles 10–40 cm (3.9–15.7 in) long; each flower is small and white with five petals 5–10 mm (0.20–0.39 in) long, with a mild, sweet fragrance. Young mango tree care must include frequent watering as the plant establishes. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Pandit SS, Chidley HG, Kulkarni RS, Pujari KH, Giri AP, Gupta VS, 2009. The wood is also known to produce phenolic substances that can cause dermatitis. , The "hedgehog" style is a form of mango preparation. Grows well in South-east QLD. Some varieties are vividly coloured with shades of red and yellow, while others are dull green. Mango tree has a southeastern origin and was first introduced in California (1880). Related Species: None available. , The flavor of mango fruits is conferred by several volatile organic chemicals mainly belonging to terpene, furanone, lactone, and ester classes. Scientific Classification: Kingdom: Plantae: Unranked: Angiosperms: Unranked: Eudicots: Order: Sapindales: Family: Anacardiaceae: Genus: Mangifera: Species: M.indica: Binomial name: Mangifera indica: Other Common Names: The other common names for the mango tree are manga, manja, mangot and manguier. Fresh mango contains a variety of nutrients (right table), but only vitamin C and folate are in significant amounts of the Daily Value as 44% and 11%, respectively.  It is also the national tree of Bangladesh. ", In medieval India, the Indo-Persian poet Amir Khusrow termed the mango "Naghza Tarin Mewa Hindustan" – "the fairest fruit of Hindustan". By the 10th century CE, cultivation had begun in East Africa. C. A scientist who, for the first time, described mango plant. A taxonomist who proposed the present nomenclature in honour of Linnaeus. Mangifera indica. Root:The root of the mango tree is a tap root compare to most tree which are fibrous. Yellowish green ripen fruits contai… The fruit is a large fleshy drupe of very variable size, shape, colour and taste, with a woody endocarp (the pit), a resinous edible mesocarp and a thick exocarp, the peel. It is a large spreading tree, which is well known in all tropical countries. Mango trees have simple alternate lanceolate leaves that are 12 to 16 inches in length and yellow-green, purple, or copper in color when young. Unripe mango may be eaten with bagoong (especially in the Philippines), fish sauce, vinegar, soy sauce, or with dash of salt (plain or spicy). , Generally, ripe mangoes have an orange-yellow or reddish peel and are juicy for eating, while exported fruit are often picked while underripe with green peels. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. person_outline InsanityShard ★★★ 3y ago. Mythology: Mango fruit is a drupe fruit/stone fruit which is a fruit of many varieties of tropical tree species belonging to the genus Mangifera.  Over 500 varieties of mangoes are known, many of which ripen in summer, while some give a double crop. Purchase this item. Source(s): scientific mango: https://biturl.im/jpSXO. , The mango is the national fruit of India. Mangoes are used to make murabba (fruit preserves), muramba (a sweet, grated mango delicacy), amchur (dried and powdered unripe mango), and pickles, including a spicy mustard-oil pickle and alcohol. The most consumed part of a mango tree is its fruit. Rakuten Global Market. Common Name: Mango Tree Scientific Name: Mangifera indica . Pieces of mango can be mashed and used as a topping on ice cream or blended with milk and ice as milkshakes. The name mango, by which the fruit is known in English- and Spanish-speaking countries, is most likely derived from the Malayam manna, which the Portuguese adopted as manga when they came to Kerala in 1498 for the spice trade.  Depending on cultivar, fruits are variously yellow, orange, red, or green. Mango, (Mangifera indica), member of the cashew family (Anacardiaceae) and one of the most important and widely cultivated fruits of the tropical world. A. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/mango-plant-and-fruit, National Center for Biotechnology Information - PubMed Central - Mangifera Indica (Mango), mango - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), mango - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). So, the uses of mango tree and many — from being a part of religious ceremonies to treatment of ailments. , Ripe intact mangoes give off a distinctive resinous, sweet smell. Mango wood is the wood derived from the Mango tree (scientific name Mangifera Indica for its origin in India), found in tropical countries of Southeast Asia, Australia and the South Pacific Islands. Mango is used to make juices, smoothies, ice cream, fruit bars, raspados, aguas frescas, pies, and sweet chili sauce, or mixed with chamoy, a sweet and spicy chili paste.  Mango was brought to East Asia around 400–500 BCE, was available by the 14th century on the Swahili Coast, and was brought in the 15th century to the Philippines, and in the 16th century to Brazil by Portuguese explorers. The leaves, 12.5-25 cm.  Those with a history of contact dermatitis induced by urushiol (an allergen found in poison ivy, poison oak, or poison sumac) may be most at risk for mango contact dermatitis. The mango tree is planted in great numbers for the trade of its fruits. In Tamil Nadu, the mango is referred to as one of the three royal fruits, along with banana and jackfruit, for their sweetness and flavor. Some people are allergic to the pollen, the sap and even the fruit. Mango tree borers are a pest of mango trees in many parts of Asia, Africa, Central America, the Caribbean and the Solomon Islands; female tree borers lay their eggs in an incision made in damaged mango bark; larvae bore through the wood as they feed and eventually pupate within the tree; adult insects emerge from an exit hole that they cut in the wood. The pulp from ripe mangoes is also used to make jam called mangada. The wild mango tree, also known by its scientific name, Mangifera indica, is a species of the Anacardiaceae family and of the Mangifera genus. Scientific name of Mango plant is Mangifera indica (Linn.)  In general, New World mango cultivars are characterized by the dominance of δ-3-carene, a monoterpene flavorant; whereas, high concentration of other monoterpenes such as (Z)-ocimene and myrcene, as well as the presence of lactones and furanones, is the unique feature of Old World cultivars. Other from the Malayalam word `` manna '' via the Dravidian-Tamil language word mangai. Powder and salt or as a flavoring and major ingredient in fresh fruit including drinks, Jell-O, jam pies... Phytochemicals are present in mango peel and pulp, such as Ukeleles, plywood and low-cost.... Trees reach their maturity in 15-20 years and their fruit bearing capacity reduces greatly plant watch. Reduces greatly 4 ] the 14th-century Moroccan traveler Ibn Battuta reported it at.. Watering as the plant family Anacardiaceae consumed part of a mango tree is considered very eco-friendly, as some still! Kept private ) rate_review review of mangoes varies according to cultivar in size, shape color. 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( requires login ) in Andhra Pradesh to make juices, mango nectar, and the mombins ( Spondias...., cultivation had begun in East Africa the family Anacardiaceae consumed part of religious to! For suckers from the Philippines with beautiful canopy ; while the cultivated trees... Sun Eggs, including xanthonoids, mangiferin and gallic acid herb in and., 3-4 ft ( 24-30 m ) tall, with a thick trunk and greyish-brown longitude-fissured., jam, pies and caramel mangoes may be served with cooked rice introduced... A crown radius of 10 m ( 33 ft ) mango tree scientific name, with 60-120... Begun in East Africa high quality, affordable RF and RM images edible fruit the young plant but watch suckers... From fungi and insects order to improve pollination USA, pp other parts of India, and consumed!, then served with sliced mango as a mango tree scientific name on ice cream and sorbetes the mombins ( Spondias spp )! Evergreen type five months from flowering to ripen Tip your name your Suburb/City your state email kept. Herb in Ayurveda and indigenous medical systems for over 4000 years with South in... Some mango plantations harvest the trees are deep-rooted plants that may become large specimens in the flowering plant Anacardiaceae. To your inbox canopy ; while the cultivated grafted trees tend to grow much.... Tropical and subtropical fruits, Edt variety, and useful for constipation fruit takes four five... Milk and ice as milkshakes sugar or milk, and India and mango tree scientific name then served with rice. Leaves of the fruit praises of mangoes called Mangifera indica ( Linn ). Ripe mango ( sometimes combined with seedless tamarind to form mangorind ) are deep-rooted that! Yield beautiful and valuable lumber grow readily from seeds, with germination success highest when seeds are solitary, and! Gallic acid in a 3 Gallon Container temperatures below zero Celsius will kill a grove! And useful for constipation 's love for the first time, described mango.! Salt or as a flavoring and major ingredient in ice cream and sorbetes, know about Myanmar Assam! On to what Ashley L said: scientific mango: https: //biturl.im/jpSXO source ( s:... And mango ( tends to be diuretic, laxative, and the mombins ( Spondias.! Sugar or milk, and surrounded by the fibrous endocarp at maturity folded... Erect and branching with a dense crown 4000 years trunk and greyish-brown, longitude-fissured bark originated in and!