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what caused the kobe earthquake

Kōbe earthquake of 1995, (Jan. 17, 1995) large-scale earthquake in the Ōsaka-Kōbe (Hanshin) metropolitan area of western Japan that was among the strongest, deadliest, and costliest to ever strike that country. If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection@natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. When those plates scrape against each other and cause an earthquake, the results can be deadly and devastating. Although most of the buildings that had been constructed according to new building codes withstood the earthquake, many others, particularly older wood-frame houses, did not. The quake cost more than $100 billion in damage, and the Kobe government spent years construct ing new facilities to attract back the 50,000 people who left after the quake. The Kobe quake was a result of an east-west strike-slip fault where the Eurasian and Philippine plates interact. Taking into consideration the entire Kobe and Aum Tokyo scenarios together with the earlier, possibly Aum-related, fireball-explosion-earthquake events of 28 May 1993 at Banjawarn, Western Australia, one is left with a very strong impression of a serious "EM fire" underlying the visible "dark plume of smoke" that rose over Kobe. Mechanism of the earthquake Most of the largest earthquakes in Japan are caused by subduction of the Philippine Sea Plate or Pacific Plate, with mechanisms that involve either energy released within the subducting plate or the accumulation and sudden release of stress in the overlying plate. The Kōbe quake’s devastation included 40,000 injured, more than 300,000 homeless residents, and in excess of 240,000 damaged homes, with millions of homes in the region losing electric or water service. Photograph by Karen Kasmauski, National Geographic. b) What was the cause of the earthquake? Like all earthquakes, this one was caused by movements in the earth’s crust. The movements of these plates can account for noticeable geologic events such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and more subtle yet sublime events, like the building of mountains. The number of deaths. Learn more about earthquakes with this curated collection of classroom resources. Regions are the basic units of geography. Omissions? The earthquake in Kobe on January, 17, 1995 left 6,425 dead, injured 25,000, displaced 300,000 people, damaged or destroyed 100,000 buildings and caused at least $132 billion worth of damage, or about 2.5 percent of Japan’s national income, making it one of the most expensive natural disasters in history. Corrections? Why: To help you achieve your target level for your first Geography assessment! Something Kobe was unprepared! Kobe earthquake On January 17th, 1995, Japan was woken at 5:46am by its largest ever recorded earthquake. It is written by Toshi Matsui, a Japanese university student. The Great Hanshin Earthquake measured 7.2 on the Richter scale and lasted over 20 seconds. fracture in Earth's crust where tectonic movement is left (sinistral) or right (dextral), but rarely vertical. The transportation network was completely paralyzed, and the inadequacy of national disaster preparedness was also exposed. Kōbe earthquake of 1995, also called Great Hanshin earthquake, Japanese in full Hanshin-Awaji Daishinsai (“Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake Disaster”), (Jan. 17, 1995) large-scale earthquake in the Ōsaka-Kōbe (Hanshin) metropolitan area of western Japan that was among the strongest, deadliest, and costliest to ever strike that country. The active San Andreas fault runs through California and causes regular earthquakes, while the warm waters transported by the Gulf Stream can intensify a storm heading for South Carolina. On the other hand the Kobe Earthquake effects were magnified by man-made issues. The Hanshin earthquake was the worst earthquake in Japan since the 1923 Tokyo earthquake, which is also called the Great Kanto earthquake. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Oceanic plates subducted to cause the earthquake. …1995, following the January 17 Kōbe earthquake that devastated the Kōbe area in west-central Japan. The earthquake's destructiveness was due to its relatively shallow depth rather than magnitude, seismologists said yesterday. Magnitude of the Kobe Earthquake. Earthquake Kobe Japan 1995 . The movement was caused by the friction from the Eurasian and Philippine plates converging. Also called lithospheric plate. Like all earthquakes, the Kobe earthquake was caused by a sudden movement of the tectonic plates that make up the crust of the earth. large settlement with a high population density. A total of 6,434 people died during this earthquake – of which around 4,600 were from the port city of Kobe alone. Earthquakes of these types are especially frequent in the coastal regions of northeastern Japan. Port and waterfront facilities in Kobe, Japan, suffered extensive damage due to liquefaction during the 1995 Kobe earthquake. In the aftermath of the Kōbe disaster, roads, bridges, and buildings were reinforced against another earthquake, and the national government revised its disaster response policies (its response to the 2004 quake in Niigata prefecture was much faster and more effective). © 1996 - 2020 National Geographic Society. Most of the largest earthquakes in Japan are caused by subduction of the Philippine Sea Plate or Pacific Plate, with mechanisms that involve either energy released within the subducting plate or the accumulation and sudden release of stress in the overlying plate. 1 a) When did the Kobe earthquake occur? Join our community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic's resources for you and your students. The Great Hanshin Earthquake Disaster of 1995 was one of the worst in Japan’s history, killing 6,433 people and causing more than $100 billion in damages. Kobe was largely affected, as the epicentre was only 30 km from the city centre. Eurasian. The earthquake hit at 5:46 am on Tuesday, Jan. 17, 1995, in the southern part of Hyōgo prefecture, west-central Honshu. One of the most devastating earthquakes takes place in Japan! The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. The earthquake hit at 5:46 am on Tuesday, Jan. 17, 1995, in the southern part of Hyōgo The Ring of Fire, also referred to as the Circum-Pacific Belt, is a path along the Pacific Ocean characterized by active volcanoes and frequent earthquakes. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. On the other hand, the Kobe region was thought to be fairly safe in terms of seismic activity. An emergency transportation network was also devised, and evacuation centres and shelters were set up in Kōbe by the Hyōgo prefectural government. Authorities who had proclaimed the superior earthquake-resistance capabilities of Japanese construction were quickly proved wrong by the collapse of numerous supposedly earthquake-resistant buildings, rail lines, elevated highways, and port facilities in the Kōbe area. For example, if you live in northern California you are more likely to be impacted by a wildfire, landslide, or earthquake than if you live in Charleston, South Carolina, but less likely to be hit by a hurricane. These environmental hazards shape human activity regionally. ...The Kobe earthquake (also known as the Great Hanshin earthquake, Hanshin meaning Osaka-Kobe) was a tragic disaster on several levels.The earthquake lasted just twenty seconds but caused so much damage, trauma and of course, loss. The environmental hazards with this curated collection of classroom resources but rarely vertical deadliest tsunami since the 2004 9.1! Hand the Kobe earthquake occur let us know if you have questions about licensing content this. Japan has not experienced such a damaging earthquake since 1923, when an estimated magnitude-8.3 earthquake about! Of 6,434 people died during this earthquake – of which around 4,600 were from the city. 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