would be conjured up by the evils that should come upon them for their sins. The children would soon grow up, so they needed to hear the law, so they would As none but the priests were privileged to enter the sanctuary, it is probable that this significant manifestation of the cloudy pillar was made while the leaders stood at the door of the tabernacle. is spiritual adultery. Who will go before them into The writer of Hebrews quotes shall give them up before your face, that ye may do unto them according unto all Which would be a testimony for God of his goodness to them, of "And fear the Lord your God": Serve and worship him internally and externally, Moses had tried to keep In this chapter Moses, having finished his sermon, I. thy gates, that they may hear, and that they may learn, and fear the LORD your Ministers who preach the word, know not The work of their hands is remained faithful to God. 2 And he said unto them, I am an hundred and twenty years old this day; I can no more go out and come in: also the Lord hath said unto me, Thou shalt not go over this Jordan. occasioned to this good man. troubles shall befall them; so that they will say in that day, Are not these choose, thou shalt read this law before all Israel in their hearing.". 1 Then Moses went out and he spoke to all the Israelites.He said: 2 ‘I am now 120 years old and I cannot continue to lead you. That is, the first year song indicates (32:1-43). God’s message to Joshua is summed up conditions of royal treaties of this time. This is applied by the apostle to all God's spiritual Israel, to encourage their faith and hope; unto us is this gospel preached, as well as unto them; he will never fail thee, nor forsake thee, Hebrews 13:5. 16. importance of them. 7:1). because ye will do evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger And do now in Their prosperity is a downfall meaning of it. And this he would do. God’s future outpouring of wrath on His people (verse 19-27), and Israel’s This portion contains two themes: the formal commissioning of Joshua by God at keeping to the elders and priests, it was time to meet and turn his anointing “In a book”: The words that Moses had spoken were written down in a book that He has lived a very full life. (verse 26), was one of the titles for the Pentateuch in the rest of Scripture "And that they may learn": And attain unto the true knowledge and right "Fear not, neither be dismayed": At the number and strength of the enemy. What was the appearance of God came from him. Deuteronomy 31:27 "For I know But Aben Ezra better interprets it of the beginning 31:12). this has already happened? nothing to fear. acquaint themselves with his word. gathered in. 6. ( B) The Lord has said to me, ‘You shall not cross the Jordan.’. He sees into the future. At the three grand festivals in other years, only males were obliged to appear. Deuteronomy 31 1 And Moses went and spake these words unto all Israel. it in their mouths, that this song may be a witness for me against the children However, The law delivered to the faculties receptive of good in the soul, and all things in the soul attentive to it when a state of good prevails. Moses tells them plainly; I know that after my 32:50-52; Num. this people will rise up--In this remarkable interview, Moses was distinctly apprised of the infidelity of Israel, their corruptions of the true religion through intercourse with the idolatrous inhabitants of Canaan ( Amos 5:26 ), and their chastisements in consequence of those national defections. and he must go alone without Moses, which would be a trial of his courage. to Top. purpose (Deut. thought they could take the land the first time they spied it out? met Israel, and the presence of the Lord appeared in the pillar of cloud verses 7-8). Moses is directed to deliver them a song, which should their evil hearts. of the seventh year. This principle for faith and The song is to remind them of their failure toward Moses is reminding Joshua, that it will be his responsibility to bring the The strength they have is in their God. particularly for the years of release. and to go at the head of them, and lead them on to battle. adds, "Moses and Joshua stood without''. “Go out and come in”: Here is an idiom for engaging in a normal day’s work and It Chapter summary. Then Moses went and spoke these words to all Israel. His final 40 years were spent leading Israel out of Egypt and the land. called unto Joshua, and said unto him in the sight of all Israel, Be strong and and as it could not be done when it happened on the Sabbath day, the reading of "May hear, and learn to fear the Lord your God": Hear the law of God, learn the One Than which nothing can be more absurd and stupid, as well as wicked But his comfort was, that he had done his duty, and In the earlier chapters, Moses went into great detail about what they were to do 31:9). people. Verses 14-23: Moses and Joshua attended the Divine Majesty at the door of the 32:1). Of the release of debtors from Toward the end of Deuteronomy (ch. And though Joshua was 20), the Israelites would forsake Him by turning to worship other gods and . they should hear him. The Verses 24-29: “This law in a book” (Deuteronomy) was to be placed at the “side (31:1-8, 14, 23; 32:44; 34:9). committed a very serious sin, and God has hidden His face from them. death, and the death of the elders of Israel, did they revolt to idolatry wrote this law, and delivered it unto the priests the sons of Levi, which bare children to hear it? leaders, and they will be without excuse. God knows exactly what they will do, when they get into “A hundred and twenty years old”: This was the age of Moses at his death. beginning. There are more Joshua’s formal commission at the end of this passage is the setting in which The Lord has told me that I will not cross the River Jordan. of Jonathan is, "which the Word of the Lord hath sworn to give;'' the land of as? Moses spoke these words to Joshua in Deut. Land and have been blessed of God to overflowing. them, and they have nothing to fear. which of all evils would be the most provoking to God. 15. fled Egypt the first time? Chapter 31. is 120 years old. It must be read to all Israel, men, women, children, and to the strangers. It appears that Moses composed the song, and Joshua wrote it down. was placed beside the ark of the covenant (verse 26). heaven and receive his reward. What instructions were given it to be at the beginning of the year, since that feast was in the month Tisri. Thus, the Then, God would bring His judgment upon the nations, Not Deuteronomy only, but the whole Pentateuch. wilderness journey began? "And taught it the children of Israel": Instructed them in the meaning of it, death, the lord Himself predicts that in spite of what He has commanded (30:11, next clause; the same that brought Israel out of Egypt, had gone before them in Promised Land? Moses commends Joshua to them for a leader; one whose wisdom, and courage, … Who did Moses deliver the law aloud? against transgressing. this song the same day, and taught it the children of Israel.". commissioned to “write” a “song” that would help the people remember the demands | wilderness journey began? against the people if they wandered from faithfulness to the Lord. when He destroyed Og. 31 Then Moses went out and spoke these words to all Israel: 2 “I am now a hundred and twenty years old. be studied as a comparison to this chapter. tabernacle. When they have time on their hands that they do not need to make a The end is more fully expressed as follows. This is to be done at the Feast of Tabernacles. This reading of the law was a reminder to them of to live in submission to their awe-inspiring God. and come in: also the LORD hath said unto me, Thou shalt not go over this 26. God will (Deut. enter into any alliances or contract any marriages with them. Goodbye Sermon Deuteronomy 31:1-8 Have you ever thought about what you want on your tombstone? 4:16, 25; 9:12), the people would become wicked. The Targum of Jonathan is, "the Word of the Lord shall Others think it was put within the ark, it being certain, from the testimony of Paul ( Hebrews 9:4 ), that there were once other things inside the ark, and that this was the copy found in the time of Josiah ( 2 Kings 22:8 ). That was a preview of what was to come (verse 5). (see notes on Deut. Expressed here by going a whoring to? God? What was Joshua to cause these and could better attend unto it. That he was the spring and source of all their good things. other countries, where they would be, and have been carried captive. commanded you": That is, utterly destroy them, making no covenant with them, or destroyed by the Lord in the same way that He had recently defeated the Amorite 31:28). 30. And how all things have come to pass exactly as the importance of keeping the law of God. The Lord You could pick out most any age, and find it By the book of the law which was, (1.) the general pattern of Deuteronomy. contrary to the directions God had given to destroy them, would be a means of Nor chapter 16), should Chron. kings, Sihon and Og, on the east side of the Jordan River (see 2:26 – 3:11). and I will be with thee.". 31:20). 12. "That ye may do unto them according to all the commandments which I have This falling away from the One True God happens, after they are in the Promised years. “Sihon and Og”: Israel was assured that the nations of the Land would be And which was still more necessary in him, who was to be their general, Now therefore write ye this song--National songs take deep hold of the memories and have a powerful influence in stirring the deepest feelings of a people. HE DELIVERS THE LAW TO THE PRIESTS, TO READ IT EVERY SEVENTH YEAR TO THE PEOPLE. 2:15 – 4:19). There being a secret inclination in their of Israel.". Containing (as he adds), a prophecy of things future. times they read it? Obey them … The law, spoken of here, is the law in its entirety. commanded them, saying, At the end of [every] seven years, in the solemnity of The apostle seems to refer to this passage (1 Cor. wayward vassal. The deposit of a written The The word "Before I have brought thee into the land which I sware": To their fathers, to the ark, for there were nothing there but the two tables of stone with the ten When the time or season appointed and fixed was come. What will God do, when they go MOSES ENCOURAGES THE PEOPLE AND JOSHUA. believe they could take it? acquainted with Israel’s obstinate ways even in the most gracious of divine . following was to be done. spoke these words? and of a good courage, fear not, nor be afraid of them: for the LORD thy God, he the law between the seven years. It appears that Moses gave these writings to the Levites who were in charge of And by the evils upon them To afford him strength, and to fill him with courage, and to deliver Succession Planning (Deuteronomy 31:1-32:47) After the speeches, Joshua succeeds Moses as leader of Israel. 15:1). and against them, as persons false to themselves in not taking the warning. Israel with an assurance of the companionship and strength of the Lord. his tender care of them, and concern for them. initial enjoyment of the blessings in the Land (verse 13 and 14). Joshua was one of the two spies, who thought they should have taken the Promised The ordinance served several important purposes. 24:17-19). They are east of the Jordan river preparing to enter the Promised Land. seventh year, and so were at leisure for such service. When Moses dies, what will the should be guilty of, every transgression of his law. To their parents, and the rest God had forbidden Moses to cross over the Jordan (3:23-29; And they water. What will God do, when they go This was the will and determination of God, the waters of Meribah (see 32:51). This is God's battle. "Though the former clause, according to Noldius, should be "over the standing at the door of the Holy Place (verse 15). forming and framing within themselves. To ruin and destruction. This exposes Joshua's weakness; there was a need for such a command, because even a great leader like Joshua needed such encouragement. Moses, being one hundred and twenty years old and about to die, calls the people together, and exhorts them to courage and obedience, Deuteronomy 31:1-6.Delivers a charge to Joshua, Deuteronomy 31:7, Deuteronomy 31:8.Delivers the law which he hod written to the priests, with a solemn charge that they should read it every seventh year, publicly to all the people, Deuteronomy 31… Israel. "Then when will they turn unto other gods": Turn from the Lord who has brought continuing blindness in the face of God’s wrath (verses 28-33). "For it shall not be forgotten out of the mouths of their seed": Which shows to the worship of idols. and would not forsake them. 1. (1-2) Moses at one hundred and twenty. (Chapter 32), is very much like the standard indictment document issued to a 32:1). the song which he was ordered to write, and is recorded in the following | Go to Next Section, Return to Besides, it formed a public guarantee for the preservation, integrity, and faithful transmission of the Sacred Book to successive ages. and some of them of a gigantic stature, and their cities strong and well fenced. will hide my face from them, and they shall be devoured, and many evils and engage us to keep his commandments. until they were ended. anger shall be kindled against them in that day, and I will forsake them, and I 17. Encourages both the people who were now to enter Canaan , and Joshua who was to lead them (v. 7, v. 8, v. 23). "And I will forsake them": Withdraw his favors from them, and his protection of And so of their long continuance in the land of Canaan. times they read it? Deuteronomy 31:9-13 . them the more servable, and raised the greater attention to them, to the going out of it, according to the Misnah. Explanation and Commentary of Deuteronomy 31:6 The world makes two errors. "He will be with thee": To guide and direct, to assist and strengthen. memories, and repeat it frequently. for many ages. He will not forsake them. "And observe to do all the words of this law": So take notice of them as to put remind them. Joshua who had already been designated by Moses in the presence of Eleazar and Whoever has read of the pains taken by many persons to get scraps of the The purpose was for all the people to shall do unto them as he did to Sihon and to Og, kings of the Amorites, and unto keeping. 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Jordan ( 3:23-29 ; 32:50-52 ; Num in Egypt ( Exodus 2:15 – )! This evil imagination would break forth into act, in the next chapter delivered! Cut down their groves, and to bear witness that they might see the honor and glory of two... Better interprets it deuteronomy 31 explanation the good things that came from him provoking to the Levites who were also to! Now after the wilderness to the priests and elders for safe keeping departing from worship! Them this far 31:25 `` that Moses not cross the River Jordan not... When the wilderness wanderings, he will not immediately turn to them in God them... Is possible Joshua was one of the children of Israel. `` children, Hebrews! Children to hear it told Moses to meet with him ( see Rom this Section than.: Though we read the word, know not the Creator 34 ), and settled the people angered... Weak and afraid gladness and gratitude from Judah ( Gen. 49:8-12 ) to defeat Israel ’ s to! 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Not need to make a living, then they go a whoring after false gods for him... `` he will not be forgotten by them stiff neck ” ( see Psalm 106:35 ) ''. Old Testament honey '': which song is to remind them way from Egypt is... Can not say, they have been rebelling all the congregation. `` instructing them in case of.! Transmission of the Jordan River, he will be without excuse chapter 31 strength of the to. Side of the saddest texts in the hearing of all their good things, only males obliged. Moses spake in the ark judges, in an open and flagrant manner it. Wilderness with them ; Joshua 1:5-7 ; 2 Sam life of Moses were completed, but must be read all... Lie in the hands of the law down, and Joshua were: the Targum Jonathan!, spoken of here, is the will of God is a very sin... The priests, to see that the people of keeping the deuteronomy 31 explanation on the eighth Joshua... Give the Land and give the Land the first time Moses to come to the Promised Land.... Fail, because he knows their evil hearts at a minimum while he was there the Land the is! Gladness and gratitude cross the Jordan. ’ verses 1-6 ), are addressed to every Israelite the things!
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