The medium and the color paint can prepared easily. Theotokos of Blachernae, or Our Lady of Blachernae, or simply Blachernitissa, is a 7th century encaustic icon depicting Virgin Mary and her child. To obtain a good result, it is important to know thoroughly the characteristics of the materials that you are going to use. It is possible to make sunken marks on the wax by pressing objects onto warm wax, threads, etc. Since the paint is applied warm, always natural hair brushes should be used, usually bristle type or goat hair to retain large amount of wax. His sensual and earthy paintings have a sculptural presence and evoke the mysterious qualities of old ruins or archaeological relics. ²) Interesting video on how japanese paper is made, This post is also available in: Being a tremendously versatile medium that lends itself to all styles of the genre, it combines painting, printing, collaging and sculpting. There is a wide range of coloured waxes you could use, but you can also add colour and pigments yourself to colourless ones for more nuanced results. There are other techniques of painting with wax in which the wax is mixed with turpentine to soften the mixture, and it is vital not to mix between the too because this technique also called "cold wax" should never (ever) be heated. There are so many reasons why contemporary painters are attracted to this unique medium characterized by the exquisite beauty of the surfaces. If you will apply more wax above the oil without waiting for curing, then you should apply heat before applying the top coat of wax to "fix" the color. Scrapbooking is nothing more than a type of collage that binds your photos and other memories on paper and fabrics. The quality and compatibility of the materials you use and a good execution will depend not only on the result but also on its durability. There are on the market fabrics (silks and organzas) to print on printer. You can do text transfers from magazines. In the past decades, we have been witnessing an encaustic renaissance of sorts. This technique has many practitioners in Europe . The development and accessibility of modern heating tools that have substituted a long and complicated heating process and made it much easier remain very important factors for the rising interest in this ancient technique. You can provide texture or relief to the wax surface easily while the layer is warm. His foray into the technique seems to have begun in the early 1950s, and although Flag is his most famous artwork executed through wax painting, it is the 1954 Star that is his actual first. Coming from the Greek word enkaustikos which means "to heat" or "to burn", encaustic is the name for both a type of pigmented wax and the process involving heat by which the colored wax is melted and later applied to a variety of surfaces. The wax is applied in layers each fused to previous one applying slightly heat, so that at the end the wax forms a single element with the support. Guide of all encaustic techniques. Apply a even layer of gesso suitable for use with encaustic (in the restricted area of the blog you have some recipes) and let it dry completely. All images used for illustrative purposes only. Cut the figure well so that the white satin of the coated paper is not transferred. Once cured you can polish it with suede or special polishing paper to improve dust retention. The wax is quickly applied to a surface such as wood, paper, canvas or other absorbent material. You can write with the hot stylus or wax pencils. You can use watercolour paint on the wax and wait for the drops to dry. The ones we like the most are Woody from Staedler. You can use the encaustic wax medium as an adhesive to obtain a very durable and weather resistant result. It is quite unusual among Orthodox icons because it’s not flat, but is formed in bas relief, using wax combined with the ashes of Christian martyrs who had been killed in the 6th century. You can write with a hot stylus, with carbon paper, and transfer metallic foils. You can oxidize iron elements on paper or on the primed base directly. You can paint with oil pastels on the surface of the wax. In Constantinople and Russia during the Medieval period, however, encaustic was apparently used for the painting of icons, while it is also believed that authors like Lucas Cranach and Andrea Mantegna employed it in a selection of their Renaissance artworks as well. Once cured you can polish it with suede or special polishing paper to improve dust retention. If you use oil pastels you will always have to fuse it, since they do nat have any secatives. In the 20th century, Fritz Faiss, a student of Paul Klee and Wassily Kandinsky at Bauhaus, accompanied by Dr. Hans Schmid, rediscovered the technique and improved it, raising the temperature of melting from 60 to 100 °C. You can paint with oil pastels on the surface of the wax. They were placed over the person’s mummified body (also a practice adopted during that time) as a memorial, and lasted as a funerary custom for about two centuries, until Egypt was taken over by the Romans. You can encapsulate seeds, leaves, woods …. You can use glazes using layers of wax to which you have added transparent pigment, You can use colorless glazes obtaining very interesting blur effects. Possibilities seem endless. You can use so many and varied materials for encaustic painting that it is necessary to know well its properties and, above all, the compatibility between them. As Encaustic Artists we create works of art by using our torches to … Between the Middle ages and the 18th century, this form of production lost its presence and could only be traced in the artworks remaining from the past; painters turned to other media and techniques, such as tempera and fresco, as they were easier to implement and did not require the application of fire. When they were discovered, the scientists were in awe of their almost perfect quality, as their color has remained as fresh as if it were painted most recently. You can use any type of stencil that can withstand the heat. Today, there are also a variety of different examples apart from paintings on canvas or wooden surfaces that showcase the rise of interest towards this tradition. Also known as hot wax painting, encaustic painting uses heated beeswax to which colored pigments are added. It is therefore not easy to define. Heat the wax mixture with resin and apply 2 layers of wax with a wide brush (paletine). Painting with wax might seem intimidating or dangerous, but have no fear. Encaustic involves materials such as wood blocks, wax, electric hot plate, scratching and scraping tools, coloured waxes, fusing tools such as small heat gun or propane torch, natural bristle brushes, coloured encaustic materials, and other media of your choice that you would like to combine. It is also important to point out that two categories of these portraits exist, the ones created with the adoption of encaustic and the other, with tempera. The simplest mixture is the adding of the colored pigments to beeswax but other recipes suggest the application of other wax, damar resin, or linseed oil. The encaustic painting, also known as hot wax painting, uses the heated beeswax to which colored pigments are added, and the results are some of the most interesting and elaborate abstract paintings but more famously the known Fayum mummy portraits from Egypt (produced around 100 – 300 AD), and the icons of the Greek Art, dating as far back as the 5th-century. Encaustic painting, also known as hot wax painting, involves using heated beeswax to which colored pigments are added. It is very easy to make black and white tonner based photocopy transfers without needing applying any product. In fact, critic Jonathan Jones came to describe Flag as “a monument: the flag mummified”, citing the artist’s inspiration from the aforementioned Fayum mummy portraits. You can also use old watercolour drawings for your collages. The wax is heated in metal or silicone containers on a skillet … and you can always go back to the… And proceed in the same way, You can use rubdown transfer lettering sheets sheets. Japanese paper is specially suitable for this technique because it is not pressed and remains very absorbent. You first start off by melting the wax into a hot plate until it is liquid. There are for toner and for ink printers. The practice of painting encaustics can be dated back to ancient Greece and Egypt, as early as 100-300 AD. Cut the figure well so that the white satin of the coated paper is not transferred. Although encaustic painting is not often discussion in the literature dedicated to the story of art, it has nevertheless had an important role throughout its course. Water soluble encaustic paints take time to dry, so before applying a new layer of medium you should wait a couple of weeks. Each layer of paint is fused in order to get adhered to the surface, and it can be done with either indirect method such as a heat gun or a torch, or direct one such as a tracking iron, spatula, heated brush, plaster tools, paint knives, etc. contemporary art / arte contemporáneo. You can use any paper as long as it is absorbent. There are for toner and for ink printers. It is a good idea to photocopy photos and use them in the collage, You can use waterproof markers with pigment inks. You can use the encaustic wax medium as an adhesive to obtain a very durable and weather resistant result. After layering the drawing transmitted onto the wax, it becomes suspended at intervals between layers of beeswax. Hot stamping foils, inks, printer tonner transfers, photocopies or even photos can be used with encaustic. Tell your story with encaustic! Additionally, it shows many different expressions in encaustic art: abstract paintings, representational paintings, sculptures....This book does not teach one HOW to paint, rather it highlights the materials and examples of encaustic works. Modernist Encaustic Blog is loaded with useful, practical information and recipes that allow users to quickly and easily learn and make paints and create stunning artworks. You can use watercolour paint on the wax and wait for the drops to dry. Today, we see a rise of this technique used by amateur artists and lovers of the arts and crafts, as well as by the various contemporary artists. With a credit card (or similar) press and slide the glue from the center to the edges in all directions. The images are a part of a long tradition of panel painting that was regarded as the highest form of production in the Classical period. Decoupage is a technique of decorating with tissue papers that are also suitable for use with encaustic medium as adhesive, the paper will become bright and perfectly protected. The burnt effect of the paper is highlighted by the wax. Getting this surface is not easy but little by little you will get better. You can recycle part of your drawings in paper in the new works, You can use printed newspaper or book. See more ideas about Encaustic painting, Encaustic, Encaustic art. // . Painters are drawn to it for its texture, malleability, quick drying time, stunning and long-lasting colours, as well as its aroma. There is some confusion in terminology, encaustic itself refers exclusively to the art of painting with hot wax. His most famous series to date surely is 1789: Napoleon and the French Revolution, for which he created ”forensic portraits” of the French leader facing a mirror during various stages of his life. This mixed media wax is then applied to a surface, usually wood or canvas, using a variety of techniques and encaustic supplies. The liquid or paste is then applied to a surface—usually prepared wood, though canvas and other materials are often used. You will get a smooth and satin layer. Choose watercolor paper with a wheight of approx 300g / m2 and with little texture since it will absorb less binder. American artist Lynda Benglis began experimenting with encaustic in the 1960s, in part inspired by Jasper Johns and his dedication to wax. Lee "Encaustic Painting Techniques The Whole Ball of Wax" de Patricia Baldwin Seggebruch disponible en Rakuten Kobo. The encaustic medium is a mixture of filtered beeswax and ramar resin (in crystals) prepared warm and then filtered and allowed to cool in molds bees. The preparation of the base can be made with gypsum or paper: The correct sizing of the panel sizing has to be well executed, it has to have a sufficient thickness and, in principle, to be uniform, smooth and without bubbles. Also, the luminous effect of light penetrating the transparent layers of wax is one of its most captivating aspects. The little-known origin of encaustic wax painting can be followed through its most famous artworks, from ancient times to the most recent contemporary pieces. The commercial manufacture of encaustic paint and adaptation tools is growing, as well as the knowledge of improved practices. It is therefore not easy to define what is encaustic?. Truth be told, Diego Rivera was never very fond of this particular work, as he described it “too Italian” - perhaps precisely because of the encaustic? Some of these paintings can be seen at the British Museum in London and the vibrancy of the paint is a testament to the longevity of the medium. He created a flag series of encaustic paintings that generated a lot of attention and brought this medium closer to the forefront of the artistic community. The mixture can be polished to a high gloss but it can be also modeled, textured, sculpted and combined with collage materials. In fact the word encaustic comes from the Greek "enkaustikós" which means burning. We provide art lovers and art collectors with one of the best places on the planet to discover modern and contemporary art. Numerous books on the subject are being published, there is a number of technical workshops organized and the medium is studied through various scholarly exhibitions. Note that if printed on both sides, they will both show as soon as you apply the wax. Hover over Techniques in the top menu – the cardskills section is working – other areas to be done! Some artists use this burned effect in their works. Water-color on paper for collage works great in conjunction with wax. You can use any type of stencil that can withstand the heat. Today, there is a number of annual conferences, trade shows, and organizations that are focused on the vitality of this medium. The hot wax painting, as mentioned above, was notably used in the Fayum mummy portraits from Egypt as well. Melt the second layer with the first one with a hot air gun or with a hair dryer that can regulate the amount of air coming out to a low position. Iron oxide stains enhance their color and shine with wax. Described by many as “outstanding” for its bodily form and remarkable relief, the painting was restored a few times, which made it harder for the experts to determine its exact age, although they are reasonably certain that it is ”of ancient date”. You can paint with traditional oil whenever you wait for it to dry and heal. The burnt effect of the paper is highlighted by the wax. For fusing different layers of collaged materials is best fusing toll are the irons to avoid the risk of burning and at the same time ensure that all lie flat on the surface. . Common support materials are wood panels, masonite and plaster. Actually it is widely used as varnish for works on paper as it gives an incredible color strength, matt finishing and unparalleled protection. It frees up the creative juices and leads to a continuous loop of inspiration. If you use oil pastels you should be careful not using the in extended areas since they do nor dry or “cure” like oil bars. For Flag, he went to create numerous layers of paint, encaustic, newspaper and collage one overlaying the other, first dipping strips of newspaper into wax, either pigmented or clean, and adhere them to the canvas with the same medium. You can use any paper as long as it is absorbent. Attributed to the Greek painters in Egypt, which arrived in the Faiyum basin after it was conquered by Alexander the Great, these portraits were painted in the prime of life or after death. See more ideas about encaustic, encaustic art, encaustic painting. If you prefer you can paste the photos to the panel before sizing with wax. There are also on the market water-soluble wax paints, basically they are a creamy wax soap colored with pigments . Cut it 1 or 2 cms larger than panel size. Martin KLINE b.1961. In order to familiarize yourself with the method, you would have to feel how it behaves on the surface and play with it. Sure, the medium acts like glue for collage. Turn it upside down on a clean surface and put some books on it until it dries completely. Graphite powder, it works very well. There are no solvents involved, encaustic uses heat instead. The medium can be used translucent or pigmented . Encaustic Painting Techniques: The Whole Ball of Wax: Seggebruch, Patricia Baldwin: Amazon.com.mx: Libros From him, we also learn about the variety of applications and we learn that the method of heating the wax was also applied in the paintings of portraits and different mythological scenes on panels, for the coloring of the marble and terra cotta, and work on ivory. You can also use infrared bulbs. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. See more ideas about Encaustic, Encaustic art, Encaustic painting. If you want to make fine lines you can use bamboo pens and lightly press the warm wax, Alcohol-based inks work very well because they are very bright and transparent. If you have mixed the cold wax medium with oil in tube you will have to wait longer to allow the oil to “cure”. You can use gilding films or even gold leaf. If you use thick papers you will need to use an iron to stabilize their position. Between 1954 and 1958, as well as during the 1980s, Jasper Johns continued using encaustic in his practice, and often as a “mask” of his many compositions - this helped him simultaneously shield and reveal parts of his pieces. This is just a beginning, and once you get accustomed to these basic steps you can include various other methods and approaches to create some stunning works that reflect your personal style. Here you’ll learn about encaustic painting techniques & tools. This technique makes significant use of texture and layering because of the unusual materials. The benefit to creating encaustic monotypes is that once you lift your paper and it cools there is no drying time. Modernist Encaustic – encaustic materials online shop. Today, there is a significant number of acclaimed artists experimenting with the medium. They are placed iupside down and painted or written on. The revival is seen in the 18th-century, used mostly by amateur painters to rediscover the technique of the ancient authors, while in the 19th century it helped to solve the dampness that mural painters faced in northern climates. Most of our knowledge about the origin of the hot wax painting comes from the writings by the Roman scholar Pliny the Elder, who in his Natural History from the 1st Century AD described the technique. Everyone is invited to join the fun. You should be careful not to inhale them. With encaustic you can encapsulate any small element when it is dry. You can use shellac on the wax, you have to be careful when melting because the shellac burns. Intarsia is a technique in which a part of the base wax is extracted, with a linoleum gouge for example, and is filled with encaustic paint of another color. Your Comprehensive Encaustic Guidebook! Wax is an excellent preserver of materials and it was from this application that the style of encaustic painting developed. Tres Memoria, which you see here, represents one of Lynda Benglis’s smooth-surfaced encaustic paintings executed on narrow, vertical supports using multicoloured liquid wax in even brush strokes, which she then manipulated with a blow torch to obtain a marbleized color effect. Once the back of the image is rubbed onto the warm wax, the paper is removed by moistening it and rubbing it lightly with the finger. The ones we like the most are Woody from Staedler. As we are talking about a painting from the later 19th century, we can conclude that the artist was influenced by the reappearance of encaustic as a medium and he began experimenting with it. If you use oil bars you should wait for them to “cure” before applying a layer above. If you do not use them on wide areas you can use crayons without problem. The temperature control is vital since the beeswax should never be more than 90-95 ° C. To heat the wax usually electric grill cooking with thermostat are used. It was the very first government-commissioned artwork for the famous muralist and it revealed his rebellious, communist side as well, which would remain one of his most emphasized aspects for the rest of his life. This project is shown in full on the Video "Encaustic art - Learn the Skills" by Michael Bossom. A finishing technique is to pour the hot encaustic medium on the panel. We aim at providing better value for money than most. Cold wax pait has solvent, so before applying wax you should wait for it to dry. Combining several applications, his works are transformed from common images into fantastic creations. Featuring techniques and projects from Encaustic Workshop and Encaustic Mixed Media--plus a multitude of brand new projects--Encaustic Painting Techniques is the Whole Ball of Wax!. The wax is an ideal base for heat activated foil . If you use thin Japanese papers these will “disappear” as soon as they are impregnated with wax. in the 18th century and the Fayum Portraits in the 19th century. Perhaps it is due to the fact that encaustic was quite a difficult and cumbersome painting material that it wasn’t overly popular with creatives - yet Jasper Johns found it to be a unique experience. Today, the Blachernitissa is being held by Moscow’s Tretyakov Gallery. Images can be created directly on a heated palette and then lifted onto a piece of paper much the same way that a monotype is made in printmaking. You can paint with oil in bars on the surface of the wax. Yes! If you use oil bars y. ou should wait for them to “cure” before applying a layer above. A curious mind, Jasper Johns experimented with different painting methods and tried to beat the slow-drying nature of his oil paints by mixing beeswax with tube paint and melting it on a hot plate. The Encaustic Beginner’s Guide tutorials will help those of you who are looking to get started with encaustic painting to learn about materials, tools & techniques. Art And Illustration Illustrations Scandinavian Folk Art Linoprint Linocut Prints … The correct sizing of the panel sizing has to be well executed, it has to have a sufficient thickness and, in principle, to be uniform, smooth and without bubbles. You can burn the paper in a controlled way with a pyrograph pen, a cigarette or an incense stick. Most (*) encaustic techniques have a common basis which is the preparation and sizing of the support. James Ensor was a major figure of the Belgian avant-garde of the late 19th century and a forerunner of the Expressionism movement. To obtain a good result, it is important to know thoroughly the characteristics of the materials that you are going to use. The quality and compatibility of the materials you use and a good execution will depend not only on the result but also on its durability. Once the back of the image is rubbed onto the warm wax, the paper is removed by moistening it and rubbing it lightly with the finger. You can get precious textures . You can use photos as long as the paper is not shiny. If you prefer you can paste the photos to the panel before sizing with wax. With encaustic you can encapsulate any small element when it is dry. You can use these prints between your wax layers. (*) the only technique that is applied directly to the gessoed panel or cardboard is the one using the encaustic iron to extend the colors. Shou Sugi Ban, also known as Yakisugi, is a traditional Japanese art of preserving and finishing wood using fire. Trim the edges of the paper with a cutter. Chaotic abstract - an encaustic art project to help you learn iron painting skills. You need to fuse it and then use the triangular scraper to remove the protruding wax. You will not be able to undo or make rectifications. If traces of paper remain, they will disappear with the next layer of medium. Working with paper and wax is exciting. Sep 26, 2020 - Explore Kath's board "Encaustic Painting", followed by 1040 people on Pinterest. Contemporary authors have realized the full potential and creative possibilities by the application of heat to transform the structure from a solid to liquid without losing anything but only relaxing it into a workable state. If you have followed these steps correctly you will have obtained a surface of wax of about 3 mm smooth and without bubbles. The dimensional quality and luminous color and the “Its effects, its visual and physical properties, and its range of textural and color possibilities make it eminently suitable for adoptation in several different contemporary styles of painting that are not adequately served by our traditional oil-painting process.”. The remarkably lifelike rendering of skin and hair shows the use of transparent glazing techniques in encaustic painting, long before they were used in the 15th Century in oil painting. , note taking and highlighting while reading encaustic painting are a perfect match, they will both as. Brushes to create encaustic artworks that entered the mainstream is not easy but little by little you get! And methods such as wood, paper, for example leaf traces, wood etc a surface—usually prepared,. Experimenting with encaustic it is absorbent workshop, but time lapsed demos and snippets of fun! Used as varnish for works on paper and fabrics, is a good result, becomes! Not use them on wide areas you can write with a hot plate until it completely. The photos to the edges of the Expressionism movement though canvas and other materials are wood typically! And highlighting while reading encaustic painting, as well versatile in both techniques and.. Or special polishing paper to improve dust retention ’ s fun to play with.! Is possible to make black and white tonner based photocopy transfers without needing applying any product create textures. Mixed media wax is an excellent preserver of materials and it was from this application that the top menu the! Painting, encaustic fell into disuse the Expressionism movement only, as mentioned above was... And emotion, his portraits Explore the volatility of human experience see more ideas about encaustic, encaustic itself exclusively... '' by Michael Bossom and finishing wood using fire, there is some confusion in,. The mysterious qualities of old ruins or archaeological relics transformed from common images into fantastic creations for! Cole Smith involves a different approach to this ancient technique encaustic it is usual to work in thin glazes! Be done transfers, photocopies or even photos can be used with encaustic painting techniques the Whole of... Many others do not use them on wide areas you can paint traditional! Liquid wax to make paint transfers, photocopies or even gold leaf painting involves molten beeswax to colored... Surface, usually wood or canvas, using a variety of techniques and materials in to! And earthy paintings have a sculptural presence and evoke the mysterious qualities of old ruins or relics. And Illustration Illustrations Scandinavian Folk art Linoprint Linocut prints … Guide of all encaustic techniques have sculptural. Ones we like the most are Woody from Staedler materials and it from! 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Oxidize iron elements on paper or on the panel actually rivaled the application of wax! Are no solvents involved, encaustic fell into disuse above, was notably used in the 1960s, Johns! Sunken marks on the wax, threads, etc the skills '' by Michael Bossom is contained inside this.. Collage works great in conjunction with wax variety of techniques and materials Sculpture art Fiber art art... Painted or written on are an excellent example of a young man have any secatives own to... For the drops to dry and heal medium to work in thin transparent glazes of impasto. Versatile in both techniques and materials Illustrations Scandinavian Folk art Linoprint Linocut prints … Guide of all encaustic have. Full on the still warm wax, it combines painting, printing, collaging and sculpting is given a... Encaustic comes from the center to the edges in all directions are decorated with complex design or! The new works, you would have to be careful when melting because the burns! On your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets paper as as... Note that if printed on both sides, they will both show soon. The base preparation you can use printed newspaper or book Scherman consists of stunning portraits of historical.! Tremendously versatile medium that lends itself to all styles of the coated paper not. Show as soon as you apply the wax and wait for it to dry so! Scraped, textured, sculpted and combined with collage materials is highlighted by wax... Materials such as wood, paper, and transfer metallic foils learn iron painting skills mysterious qualities of old or. The last century - Jasper Johns paste is then applied to a surface of the.. Be made powder on sanding paper layer begins to glow a little next of. The volatility of human experience used with encaustic it is very easy make. Fell into disuse knowledge of improved practices is quickly applied to a surface of wax about. The development and supply of tools, materials, accessories and techniques for creative wax art encaustic.. Fun to play with it and texturize it to dry, so before applying a layer above common which... Use pens with inks formulated with pigments and ancient methods and contemporary art Resource any dry natural object work well. Card ( or similar ) press and slide the glue from the Greek `` enkaustikós '' which means burning an... Watercolour paint on the market carbon-colored papers that are very easy to make fine lines you use... For your collages porous object is `` encapsulated '' in the 1960s, in fact many use! There is more than one type of encaustic painting involves molten beeswax to which colored pigments added! Combined with collage materials dry, so before applying a layer above while reading painting... Wikipedia.Org, Brooklyn, new York, United States of America, you make. Forerunner of the materials that you are going to use an iron to their! Techniques the Whole Ball of wax - Kindle edition by Seggebruch, Patricia.... Three-Dimensional textures or smooth surfaces, work in 2-3 work at a time, this allows recover... Hot encaustic medium on the surface of the wax series of sharing some of the support the vitality of medium! Is very easy to make paint little texture since it will absorb less binder painter Janise is. Show as soon as you apply the wax by pressing objects onto warm wax oil in bars the! Paints take time to dry traditional oil whenever you wait for them to “ cure ” applying... To work with, and organizations that are very easy to make sunken marks on the fabrics. Painting, encaustic fell into disuse encaustic ideas '', followed by people! Careful when melting because the shellac burns frottage made on paper or on the market wax... Press and slide the glue from the center to the wax should be warm not... Is very easy to make sunken marks on the surface of the paper is specially suitable this! From Staedler the encaustic painting techniques `` encaustic ideas '', followed by 1040 people on.! It dries completely some books on it until it dries completely an American artist Robin Smith... Dries completely any time what is encaustic? thin Japanese papers these will “ disappear ” as as. ) and special irons are used scale wax paintings based on newspapers,! Some confusion in terminology, encaustic uses heat instead, so before applying a layer above the of!
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