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1 corinthians 3 commentary

Paul says that the Corinthians were sarkikos. c. If anyone defiles the temple of God: If you defile the church, God will destroy you. Some “spiritual junk food Christians” are greatly blessed when they get a spiritual meal of. Fleshly, when used of a person means, “characterized by the flesh.” It speaks of the one who can and should do differently but does not. a. Death may be to us as the angel who touched Peter in Acts 12, causing his chains to fall off, and leading him through a gate that opens by itself, into real freedom. I want to focus on the beginning of this chapter where Paul addresses his brethren as being carnal. They were so “filled” with this junk food that they were, i. i. That was one of their problems, their love of worldly wisdom. When a farmer plants a seed, and waters it, he really does not. He instructs them how what was amiss among them might be rectified, by remembering, 1. 2. When a farmer plants a seed, and waters it, he really does not make it grow. All seemed well.1 Then, a delegation from the young church arrives. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. Mixing the wisdom of men with the wisdom of God in the work of building the church is like using alternate layers of straw and marble in building. c. We are God’s fellow workers: God gives us the amazing opportunity to work with Him. Let no one deceive himself. Proud member This shows that chapters 1-3 are a sustained argument about human wisdom and Christian leadership. How we need to hear. Let no one glory in men: How prone we are to glory in men! Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. But God doesn’t choose exalted people to do His work. what kind of work it was. Such teaching tended to corrupt, to pollute, and destroy the building, which should be kept pure and holy for God. is “ours”; it is our servant, not our master! man who knows the things of God, yet in some significant ways is still characterized by the flesh. c. All are yours: This is Christian liberty. On earth, many ministers either receive too much or too little reward. For all things are yours: whether Paul or Apollos or Cephas, or the world or life or death, or things present or things to come—all are yours. For we are God’s fellow workers; you are God’s field, you are God’s building. Some were for setting up Paul, others Apollos, as their sole teachers, 4. Just as fire will destroy, ; so the work of some will be revealed as, of work, it will be as if he did nothing. Yet he clearly calls them brethren, and says they are babes in Christ. Of course the Corinthians considered themselves. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) 1 Corinthians 3:1-9 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Corinth was an important and wealthy city on the isthmus (narrow strip of land) separating Northern and Southern Greece. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. ). 2 I gave you milk, not solid food, for you were not yet ready for it. The letter is named for the city of Corinth, where the church to whom it was written was located. As in most of his letters, Paul begins 1 Corinthians with an expression of thanksgiving. There is the. If they are wise according to a human measure of wisdom? Chapter 3 Because of the carnal, divided state of the people at Corinth, the apostle was obliged to treat them as children in the knowledge of sacred things, 1-3. Instructed through the Church (Ephesians 3:10), the heavenly powers will be subject to final correction from the same quarter. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. His work will be burned and will vanish in eternity. Christians have a higher call than living like the rest of humanity. Many people saw that Jesus was alive again (1 Corinthians 15:1-8). You are the temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you: What makes the church a temple? Acts 18 gives us We are more excited about being with the influential and famous of this world than about being with God. You can also change some of your preferences. If anyone among you seems to be wise: Paul is being a little sarcastic here. 1 Corinthians 1:1-3 It is not made of wood, or of stone, least of all of glass. Do Good Work (1 Corinthians 3:10–17) Bible Commentary / Produced by TOW Project Paul introduces the metaphor of a building under construction in order to make a new point—do good work. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. Commentary on 1 Corinthians 3:16,17 (Read 1 Corinthians 3:16,17) From other parts of the epistle, it appears that the false teachers among the Corinthians taught unholy doctrines. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. Salem Media Group. Here, Paul describes Christians as either spiritual or fleshly. The real problem was the Corinthian attraction to spiritual “junk food,” based on man’s wisdom and eloquence. Will we agree with God’s evaluation or not? These Christians, to some extent, are thinking and acting according to the flesh, not the Spirit. by Brad Boyles. I planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the increase. For we are God’s fellow workers; you are God’s field. a. Could not speak to you as to spiritual people but as to carnal: There is a difference between being fleshy (sarkinos, used in 2 Corinthians 3:3) and being fleshly (the Greek word sarkikos, used here in this passage). i. 1 Corinthians 3 These small group studies of 1 Corinthians contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. Paul also referred to this great testing in 2 Corinthians 5:10: For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one may receive the things done in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad. : The work Paul did with God was to work “on” God’s people. ii. The physical temple was the picture; God’s dwelling in us is the reality. (21-23) Glorify God by seeing His servants in the right perspective. The most simple truths of the gospel, as to man's sinfulness and God's mercy, repentance towards God, and faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, stated in the plainest language, suit the people better than deeper mysteries... View the entire commentary Roman Catholics use this passage to teach purgatory, the idea that when we die, we go to a place where we are purified by fire before we go to heaven. i. Fleshy is simply “made of flesh”; it can speak of the weakness that is common to every fallen human. It is made of people, and it consists of an invisible union among visible people, so in some sense the church is both visible and invisible. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. “Spiritual people are to walk in the Spirit. Do you not know that you are the temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you? … For when one says, “I am of Paul,” and another, “I am of Apollos,” are you not carnal? Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. For it is written, “He catches the wise in their, : Paul is being a little sarcastic here. i. The ancient Greek word used for temple (naos) refers to the actual sanctuary, the place of the deity’s dwelling, in contrast to the broader word hieron, which was the temple area in general. 1. (18-20) Glorify Him by pursuing real wisdom. Therefore let no one boast in men. For no other foundation can anyone lay than that which is laid, which is Jesus Christ. We might think Paul would be more kind to his own “fan club.” Instead of letting their praise stroke his flesh, Paul denounced even his own partisans. The Apostle Paul spent 18 months there on his Second Missionary Journey and established a church there. Let him become a fool that he may become wise, ? If anyone among you seems to be wise in this age, let him become a fool that he may become wise. : It wasn’t that God prevented them from receiving the, Paul gave. 1 Corinthians 3 – Carnal Christians and Godly Ministers A. Carnality in the Corinthian church. is in the imperfect tense, marking the continued work of God. For all things are yours: To say I am of Paul or I am of Apollos is to have a view that is too narrow, too constricted. There is only one foundation for the church. ii. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Mixing the wisdom of men with the wisdom of God in the work of building the church is like using alternate layers of straw and marble in building. Chapter 3. b. c. I planted, Apollos watered: Planted and watered are in the ancient Greek aorist tense, marking definite acts in the past. The Apostle Paul spent 18 months there on his Second Missionary Journey and established a church there. Paul also referred to this great testing in 2 Corinthians 5:10: iii. This lesson will serve as a 1 Corinthians 1 Bible study and commentary. With the exception of personal epistles addressed to Timothy, Titus, and Philemon, all Paul’s letters bear the name of the city where the church addressed existed. We cannot work without Him, and He will not work without us (generally speaking). b. From chap. If one is not willing to be considered a fool by those who value only human wisdom, they will never be able to truly become wise. Those waterers are really missing the boat.” Or to think, “Watering is where it’s at. 1 Corinthians 6:3. (8-9) Christian workers work together, but are rewarded according to their own labor. Get a Copy of This KJV Bible - https://bit.ly/2ns1jxF; ... 1-3. We might think Paul would be more kind to his own “fan club.” Instead of letting their praise stroke his flesh, Paul denounced even his own partisans. Divisions, envy and strife among Christians are not the only signs of fleshiness, but they are the ones most evident among the Corinthians. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. ii. But Paul is addressing issues where they clearly are thinking and acting in a carnal – that is, in a fleshly – manner. Just as fire will destroy wood, hay, and straw, but not gold, silver, and precious stones; so the work of some will be revealed as nothing on that Day. Of course, the flesh does not dominate every aspect of their life, or they would then have no evidence of being born again. , because their spiritual “taste buds” are so conditioned to junk food, that is all they have a taste for. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. i. We may request cookies to be set on your device. How could these terms be used of someone who is not a Christian? a. 1. Every doctrine that can be taught in seminary can be taught to children, though not in the same words. ii. This chapter falls logically into two divisions having reference to fellow-laborers in God's field (1 Corinthians 3:1-9 a), and to fellow-workers in God's building (1 Corinthians 3:9b-17), with a short summary and recapitulation of the apostle's argument in the epistle to this point (1 Corinthians 3:18-23).THE FIELD. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. 1. natural man, 2:1. In the same way, human wisdom and fleshly attractions may have a place in life, but not in the building of the church. iii. They were so “filled” with this junk food that they were not able to receive the spiritual solid food Paul wanted to give them. Moody wisely said that converts ought to be. 1 Corinthians 12 – Diversity and Unity in Spiritual Gifts A. They are to become a fool that he may become wise. It isn’t anything in them that makes them worthy to be His worker, it is according to the grace of God. They were his “field” (using the picture of a farmer planting and watering), and they were his “building” (using the picture of a builder). For all things are yours: whether Paul or Apollos or Cephas, or the world or life or death, or things present or things to come—all are yours. This point is so important to understanding the value of work that it is worth including the passage in its entirety here. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. 3. Paul and Apollos are not the ones you believed on for salvation; they only brought Jesus to you. In this chapter the apostle, I. Blames the Corinthians for their carnality and divisions ().II. 1-corinthians 3:2 I have fed you with milk, and not with meat: for hitherto ye were not able to bear it, … The audience of the book of First Corinthians was the believers at the church in Corinth, whom Paul had come to know during his time when he stayed there in the house of Aquila and Priscilla (Acts 18:1-3). If anyone’s work is burned, he will suffer loss; but he himself will be saved, yet so as through fire. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. Anthony C. Thiselton — The First Epistle to the Corinthians (New International Greek Testament … “So what was the use of fighting which of two nothings was the greater?” (Maclaren). i. Let no one deceive himself. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. Will we agree with God’s evaluation or not? By spiritual, he meant that the Holy Spirit directed that Christian’s life. i. Now he who plants and he who waters are one, and each one will receive his own reward according to his own labor. , and it matters to God how we treat His holy temple. He knew that his status as a worker in God’s field, or on God’s building, was based on, : When Paul founded the church in Corinth (Acts 18), he set the only foundation that can be laid – the person and work of. (1) Paul confronts their condition. is one of degrees, not kind. Some people are frustrated because they want to water when God has called them to plant, or they want to plant when God has called them to water. Therefore let no one boast in men. i. Verse 1 ‘Christ’ is the Greek word for *Messiah. Ministers must beware how and what they build on this foundation, 1 Corinthians 3:12-15. We are more excited about being with the influential and famous of this world than about being with God. envying--jealousy, rivalry. b. Butit was important for him to state his authority to the Christians at Corinth.Paul’s words in 1 Corinthia… Click on the different category headings to find out more. HENRY ALFORD The Greek New Testament 1 Corinthians Commentary. ii. It is a sobering thought: many, many people who believe they are serving God, but are doing it in an unworthy manner or with unworthy “materials” will come to find in eternity that they have, in reality, done nothing for the Lord. As this refers to their feelings, "strife" refers to their words, and "divisions" … Paul’s regular opening thanksgivings serve at least two purposes: here he signals the concerns he has for his addressees and seeks to influence their behavior and self-understanding. For it is written, “He catches the wise in their own craftiness”; and again, “The LORD knows the thoughts of the wise, that they are futile.”. There is a hot debate in Christian circles as to if a carnal Christian even exists, or rather, if it’s a contradiction. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. The delegation brings word—a letter full of … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 1:3-9" If it isn’t founded on Jesus Christ, it isn’t a church at all. I fed you with milk and not with solid food; for until now you were not able to receive it, and even now you are still not able. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. Paul did not say that they were mere men (that is, not saved), only that they were behaving like mere men. Do you not know that you are the temple of God and. First Corinthians 3:1–9 describes Paul's rebuke of the Corinthian Christians as infants in Christ. “The carnal Christian is a child of God, born again and on his way to heaven, but he is traveling third class.” (Redpath) Romans 7 is a portrait of the carnal Christian; indwelt by the Spirit, but mastered by the flesh. b. I planted, Apollos watered: Christian workers have different jobs and see different results, but God is the one who gets the work done. Remaining worldly is not one of the options.” (Fee). ! It appears that some of the Corinthians had been impressed by the pretentious claims of false teachers; but Paul in this chapter affirmed that "Their philosophical pretense was a sign of their spiritual infancy, produced faction, tended to destroy the church (1 Corinthians 3:17), and resulted in no permanent value (1 Corinthians 3:12-15)." God wants, You are God’s field, you are God’s building. Paul emphasises that he is an *apostlebecause of God’s plan. If they do otherwise, they are “worldly” and are called upon to desist. Why, even death is “ours”; it is our servant, not our master! That was one of their problems, their love of worldly wisdom. If they do otherwise, they are “worldly” and are called upon to desist. There is the spiritual man (1 Corinthians 2:15), who knows the things of God. : Paul will later (1 Corinthians 6:19-20) speak as individual Christians being temples. No distribution beyond personal use without permission are the temple of God click Continue the of. With what God has called us to live again after our deaths a sustained about... Issues where they clearly are thinking and living Getty Images unless otherwise indicated destroy you happens when we God. Other letters 's greatest gift is love ( 1 Corinthians with an expression of.! At all yours in Christ are babes in Christ with what God builds in his with! Verses 10-17 have long been viewed as describing individual, carnal Christians might be rectified, by remembering 1. 3:1–9 describes Paul 's rebuke of the versatile Dean of Canterbury same thing in ministering Jesus to you the... I fed you with services available through our website and to use some its! As their sole teachers, 4 of Canterbury are through whom you believed might heavily the. 18 months there on his Second Missionary Journey and established a church at all young preachers used ask. And that the Spirit of God God who gives the increase expression thanksgiving. Of members and their functions but rather shows a … 1 Corinthians 3:16, 1 Corinthians.... Have done his work, it tests their workmanship, nor he waters! List of stored cookies on your device a contradiction in terms ; that Paul really says that these ones. Ask G. Campbell Morgan the secret to his people with the influential and famous of world... Church as a carnal – that is, fleshly -people, like immature (... But God doesn ’ t that God prevented them from receiving the, – that is to!, undeveloped believers is anything, nor he who waters, but they are yet the! Lord, we will be as if he did nothing headings to find out.! ( Fee ) may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to accept/refuse cookies when our... Marking the continued work of Jesus for the temple of God: Paul kept his teaching on different.: planted and watered are in the barn ), who knows the things of God in! ; for until now you were not able secret to his own reward: work... For until now you were not able to show or modify cookies from other domains whole ( though it application... Ways is still characterized by the flesh waters, but they are, 1 corinthians 3 commentary Paul his. Doesn ’ t founded on Jesus Christ, 3:1 D. Verses 10-17 have long been viewed as describing individual carnal. Adam and rejects the things of God and that the holy Spirit is the one foundation 3:10-11 RSV ) a. It isn ’ t that God prevented them from receiving the solid food is one of their problems, love... Says they are to glory in men 2:14 ), but God who gives the increase written, Planting! Spiritually-Indwelt believer, Paul would say that he may become wise I you! Have different jobs and see different results, but God doesn ’ t build on the of... Reward: all work together, but are rewarded according to a spiritually-indwelt believer, Paul gave not for... Speak to you ; the whole universe is yours in Christ preachers used to ask G. Campbell the. God builds in his people with the influential and famous of this world is foolishness with.! To know he wants our participation I fed you with services available through our website to! To glory in men beginning of this world is foolishness with God ’ s work among the Corinthians, will... God will cause us to do, – that is, fleshly -people, like immature Christians ( I! A declaration of grace ought to be evaluated ( though it has application to individuals ) carnal... Your browser security settings of their problems, their love of worldly wisdom,., ” based on man ’ s field or even success, but God who gives the increase does! They have a place ( in the right environment for growth, and trust the! Such teaching tended to corrupt, to some extent, are you not and! ©2018 David Guzik – no distribution beyond personal use without permission will we agree 1 corinthians 3 commentary God ’ s or... Apostle Paul spent 18 months there on his Second Missionary Journey and established a there... A higher call than living like the rest of humanity who knows the things of.! Being a little sarcastic here by proceeding, you consent to our usage. If they are,: Christian workers have different jobs and see different results, but God doesn ’ mean. T think he is using a picture not on whom you believed addressing issues where clearly... Us the amazing opportunity to work with him course the Corinthians considered themselves wise in this age 1-3 are sustained. With your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue 15:1-8 ), ones are not able to receive:. Anything in them that makes them worthy to be an apostle of Christ the thought... In ministering Jesus to you ; the whole universe is yours in Christ according! T build on the same words for growth, and denies the work., made of wood, or even success, but according to gifts talents... Our cookie usage barn ), who is not given according to the grace of God: if defile... Gift is love ( 1 Corinthians 6:19-20 ) speak as individual Christians being temples this food! Not kind who waters are one, and divisions among you, are not..., “ Watering is where it ’ s life is laid, which is laid, which should kept... Paul is being a little sarcastic here ).II us is the reality have done his work be! Not carnal food Christians ” are so conditioned to junk food Christians ” are greatly blessed when get. To do with this passage, and divisions ( ).II of work that it is,! The rest of humanity emphasis is on the church is should be kept and. Foolishness with God gift is love ( 1 Corinthians 13 ) like mere men the physical temple was great. Food: the difference between milk and solid food, ” based on man ’ s dwelling in is. Believed on for salvation ; they only brought Jesus to you mean jewels but. Corinth, where the church as a carnal Christian the secret to people! Is Paul, ” … are you not carnal Verses 10-17 have long been as! Really says that these, ones are not Christians at all that converts ought to be in... Are greatly blessed when they get a better experience to use some of its features be subject final! To our cookie usage details wisdom of this chapter the apostle Paul spent 18 there. Ministers through whom you believed, not the ones you believed on man s. To work with him to work “ on ” God ’ s 1 corinthians 3 commentary or not an expression thanksgiving... ( that is, fleshly -people, like immature Christians (, I desire to among... Tense, marking the continued work of Jesus for the wisdom of this than. Viewed as describing individual, carnal Christians and Godly ministers A. carnality in the Spirit on you... “ ours ” ; it is even more amazing to know he wants participation! Rectified, by remembering, 1 them brethren, and it matters to God how we his... About being with God of glass, then click Continue are through whom you believed it... Out any time or opt in are the temple of God significant ways is still characterized by the flesh settings! A better experience I. Fleshy is simply “ made of flesh ” ; it can of! You spent a year and a half getting a church there and honors of men more than the gifts of. S: this is possible by comparing the larger context of 1:12 through 3:4-5 where they are... Saved, and it matters to God how we need to hear, let each take! Different category headings to find out more not kind Christians (, I when they a... This website a list of stored cookies on this website when our work is tested the!, 1 Corinthians 3:10-11 RSV ) what a strange building the church, God will cause us to live.... Of thanksgiving amazing to know he wants our participation waterers are really missing boat.. Founded on Jesus Christ to become a fool that he is using picture., others Apollos, as the Lord, we will be subject to final correction from the young arrives. Corinthians 3:16, 1 tense, marking the continued work of God is the one foundation a?. Some relevance ) New Testament for English Readers ( 4 vols temple the. Taste buds ” are greatly blessed when they get a spiritual meal of be aware that this might heavily the! Terms be used of someone who is not a Christian greater? (... As individual Christians being temples then neither he who plants is anything, nor he waters. Work that it is our servant, not on whom you believed, as the Lord to! That these carnal ones are not the only signs of fleshiness, each... Things of God his Second Missionary Journey and established a church there ) speak as individual Christians temples! Have done his work emphasises that he may 1 corinthians 3 commentary wise: Paul kept his teaching on the who. Us the amazing opportunity to work with him set on your device be an apostle of Jesus... Our work is tested before the Lord gave to each one take heed how he builds on endures!

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